Volcano Activity Quick Read

"To our knowledge no one has faced this before." Puna Geothermal Venture Plant compromised Monday exposing toxic and flammable gas Hawaii
Photo express.co.uk
Authorities were scrambling to firm up contingency plans Tuesday as lava pouring from Hawaii's erupting Kilauea volcano slowly encroached on a power plant on the Big Island.
The lava flow entered the 800-acre property of the Puna Geothermal Venture Plant on Monday and had stalled at a swale about 300 yards from the nearest underground well.
On Tuesday, the lava was advancing.
"Fissure 6 reactivated last night and has been erupting since around midnight," Hawaii County civil defence officials said in a statement.
"The flows from Fissure 6 are slowly flowing closer to PGV property."
If lava breaches wells, authorities fear it could release hydrogen sulfide, a toxic and flammable gas. Most of the wells have been capped with thick steel plates.

Corrosive as diluted battery acid Sulfur Dioxide levels off the scale giant clouds of acid and fine glass methane and lava haze Kilauea volcano
Above Massive Amounts, Sulfur Dioxide Being blown Across South Island Earthwindmap.

Inhaling sulfur dioxide is associated with increased respiratory symptoms and disease, difficulty in breathing, and premature death.
In 2008, the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists reduced the short-term exposure limit to 0.25 parts per million (ppm), the Kilauea volcano eruption has sent Sulfur Dioxide levels off the scale as it blows across the island.
Lava from Hawaii's Kilauea volcano is pouring into the sea and setting off a chemical reaction that creates giant clouds of acid and fine glass.

Big Island residents feared "the big one" after Kilauea shot anvil-sized "ballistic blocks" and was rocked by earthquakes damaging buildings
Photo credit hawaiimagazine.com
Hawaii's Kilauea volcano spewed ash nearly six miles (9 km) into the sky on Thursday and scientists warned this could be the first in a string of more violent explosive eruptions with the next possibly occurring within hours.
"This has relieved pressure temporarily," U.S. Geological Survey geologist Michelle Coombs told a news conference in Hilo.
"We may have additional larger, powerful events."
Residents of the Big Island were warned to take shelter from the ash as toxic gas levels spiked in a small southeast area where lava has burst from the ground during the two-week eruption.

Another 100 tremors rattled residents on Hawaii Saturday as experts are predicting the Kilauea volcano could trigger activity on US Westcoast
Above the Mount St. Helens eruption was caused by a mag 5.1 quake in 1980, experts now believe
the eruption of a Hawaii volcano in the Pacific “Ring of Fire” could trigger eruptions on volcanic peaks on America’s West Coast that are also part of the geologically active region. Photo Wikipedia
After more than a 100 quakes yesterday new eruptions add to growing concerns about safety in lower Puna on Big Island Hawaii.
Two new eruptions were reported in lower Puna on Saturday, sending more lava spewing into Kilauea's east rift zone as civil defence authorities continued to urge thousands of people who live in high-risk areas to be prepared to evacuate quickly according to Hawaii News Now.
The new volcanic activity came after a two-day reprieve from active lava in the area.
Some experts are predicting the Kilauea volcano could blow its crater in the coming days which could rain down lava and car-sized boulders around a two-mile radius.

Hawaii still shaking with hundreds of quakes as officials warn Kilauea's summit crater could trigger violent explosions of huge boulders
With almost 400 quakes in the last three days and more than 1300 in the last week the Kilauea volcano continues to be shaken and it doesn't look like stopping anytime soon and the eruptions at Kilauea's summit crater could trigger explosions so violent they could fling 10-ton boulders as far as a half mile away and send ash columns miles into the sky, scientists are warning.
Officials are warning that massive boulders could come raining down from the sky near the crater, and they're asking people to be prepared.
Reuters reports, as a lava lake at Kilauea’s summit drains inside the volcano, magma is running underground.
It could burst to the surface as large, fast-moving and intensely hot lava flows and produce higher levels of toxic gases, Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientist-in-charge Tina Neal said.

Mount Merapi Indonesia's colossus north of Yogyakarta city population 2.4 million blows a column of volcanic ash 5,500 meters high
Mount Merapi in borders of Central Java and Yogyakarta provinces spewed a column of volcanic ash 5,500 meters high on Friday, forcing residents living in the slope to flee homes, disaster agency official disclosed.
The rumbling volcano situated in the borders of Klaten, Magelang and Boyolali districts erupted at 07: 30 a.m. Jakarta time, spreading sands and pyroclastic materials to the sky, spokesman of national disaster management agency Sutopo Purwo Nugroho revealed.
Volcanic ash rain has occurred in Tugu Kaliurang of Sleman district of Yogyakarta and is forecast to persist in the south of the crater, he said.

"It's sort of like you've injected ammonia into your lungs" Incredible level of sulfur dioxide in the atmosphere from Kilauea volcano off the scale
Earthwind map showing the incredible level of sulfur dioxide in the atmosphere blowing off the South Island

With almost 1400 quakes in the last 7 days and fissures spewing lava fountains to heights of more than 200 feet the real threat to residents of the whole South Island is the incredible amount of a toxic gas with a pungent, irritating smell called sulphur dioxide which is a major air pollutant and has significant impacts on human health, In addition, the concentration of sulfur dioxide in the atmosphere can influence the habitat suitability for plant communities, as well as animal life.
Sulfur dioxide emissions are a precursor to acid rain and atmospheric particulates

More than 500 quakes shows tremoors have almost doubled in the last 48 hours around the Kilauea Volcano Hawaii
More than 500 quakes in the last 2 days after the mag 6.9 on the South Island of Hawaii is showing the tremors are increasing at an alarming level.
Scientists forecast more eruptions and more earthquakes, perhaps for months to come, after the southeast corner of the island was rocked by a 6.9 tremor on Friday, the strongest on the island since 1975.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) said on Saturday that several new lava fissures had opened in the Leilani Estates subdivision of Puna District, about a dozen miles (19 km) from the volcano.
The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory said at midday local time on Saturday that “eruptive activity is increasing and is expected to continue.”

There she blows! The Kilauea Volcano Hawaii has erupted with extremely high levels of dangerous sulphur dioxide gas causing evacuations
After hundreds of earthquakes in Hawaii have shaken the eastern side of the Big Island, the Kilauea Volcano has erupted causing around 2,000 residents to be evacuated.
Earlier this morning The Big Wobble reported  "Residents should prepare": Hundreds of earthquakes in Hawaii leave authorities concerned a Kilauea Volcano eruption is imminent and so it proved to be.
According to the BBC, Mount Kilauea volcano has erupted near a residential area on Hawaii's largest island, prompting a local state of emergency and the mandatory evacuation of 1,700 residents.
Extremely high levels of dangerous sulphur dioxide gas have been detected in the evacuation area, the Civil Defense Agency tweeted.

"Residents should prepare": Hundreds of earthquakes in Hawaii leave authorities concerned a Kilauea Volcano eruption is imminent
Hundreds of earthquakes in Hawaii are shaking the eastern side of the Big Island, and authorities are concerned that the Kilauea Volcano could erupt.
The US Geological Survey revised the magnitude of the most severe quake to a 5, from the 4.6 reported earlier.
It hit at 10:30 a.m. local time on Thursday.
Within half an hour, two more quakes came, registering at 2.5 and 2.7.
There have been a total of six smaller earthquakes since the biggest one, the agency said.
County spokeswoman Janet Snyder said authorities have issued a mandatory evacuation order for a portion of Leilani Estates, a subdivision in the Puna District on Hawaii Island.

The monster Icelandic volcano Barbarbunga suffers a sharp 3.9 magnitude earthquake and is considered a significant seismic event
The monster volcano Barbarbunga, one of the most active and powerful volcanoes in Iceland and Europe, trembled yesterday afternoon.
A sharp 3.9 magnitude earthquake was detected at 16:13 on Sunday afternoon, followed by a handful of smaller quakes.
The volcano has been relatively calm in 2018, with only a handful of 3+ magnitude quakes.
The relative calm comes at the heels of relatively high levels of activity in 2016 and 2017.
Since the largest earthquake to hit Barbarbunga at the end of January, a 4.9 magnitude quake.
A 3.9 magnitude quake is considered a significant seismic event, as any quake in an active volcano which is larger than 3 on the Richter scale is considered a powerful quake.

One of the most active volcanoes in the world Le Piton de la Fournaise in the Indian Ocean caught on video with latest eruption spewing lava
Photo Credit Wikipedia/2004 eruption
It's said to be one of the most active volcanoes in the world.
Le Piton de la Fournaise on Reunion Island in the Indian Ocean started spewing lava on Friday and continued into the weekend.
And there was a spectacular light show for those who ventured out.
One sightseer said: "My husband is Reunion, we come once or twice a year.
"I never had the opportunity to admire the show, and there as soon as I heard the noise we jumped in the car.
I am very moved and happy to be here.
I`'m tired but I will not sleep tonight."
This is the second time it has spewed lava this month.
In the last six years, the volcano erupted 15 times, each occasion attraction thousands of sightseers.

World's largest active geyser the Steamboat Geyser Yellowstone has erupted three times in a year for the first time since 2003
The world's largest active geyser has erupted three times in the past six weeks at Yellowstone National Park, including once this week, in a pattern that is unusual but not at all indicative of a more destructive volcanic eruption brewing beneath Wyoming, geologists said on Saturday.
Steamboat Geyser, which can shoot water as high as 300 feet (91 meters) into the air, erupted on March 15, April 19 and on Friday.
The last time it erupted three times in a year was in 2003, the U.S. Geological Survey's Yellowstone Volcano Observatory said.
The last time it erupted prior to March was more than three years ago in September 2014.
"There is nothing to indicate that any sort of volcanic eruption is imminent," Michael Poland, the scientist in charge for the observatory, said in an email.

Houses collapsing trees falling and exacerbated breathing conditions as Vanuatu's Ambae Island volcano blows during tropical cyclone
A state of emergency has been declared for Vanuatu's Ambae Island as a volcano continues to spill thick heavy ash.
Houses are collapsing and trees are falling from the weight from a heavy ash fall from the volatile volcano.
The same volcano caused a desperate Dunkirk-style evacuation on the northern island of Ambae last September as a flotilla of boats rescued islanders from the erupting volcano.
Recent reports indicate that ash fall covered most of north, east and west Ambae Tuesday night with close to 1cm of ash being measured in some villages on north Ambae.

BOOM! Mexican colossus Popocatepetl known as El Popo spews ash 1km into the sky with a series of exhalations and tremors (spectacular video)
Popocatepetl began the day with a series of exhalations and tremors that lasted almost three hours, continuing the heightened activity seen over the previous 24 hours.
During that time the volcano, also known as El Popo, emitted 209 low-intensity exhalations of vapour, water and ash.
"The series of volcanic exhalations and tremors that started today at 5:23am concluded at 8:19am, with a total duration of 176 minutes," said a report issued this morning by Cenapred, the National Disaster Prevention Center.
"The height of the volcanic cloud reached an average of one kilometre above the crater, and the winds spread it to the east-southeast."

Chile colossus Nevados de Chillan volcano awakes blowing a column of white smoke and a string of tremors and explosions
A column of white smoke and a string of tremors at the Nevados de Chillan have prompted officials to raise the level of alert ahead of a possible eruption at one of the most active volcanoes in Chile. Surrounded by dense forest and rivers, this volcanic complex, which comprises 17 craters, is located some 550 kilometres (300 miles) south of Santiago in the Bio Bio region of the Chilean Andes.

The Turrialba Volcano in Costa Rica just doesn't stop as two more significant eruptions spews ash 500-700 meters into the sky
Turrialba Volcano file picture
The activity at the Turrialba Volcano in Costa Rica just doesn't stop, on April 1st, two significant eruptions took place early in the morning and carried on for close to 30 minutes. The biggest eruption was registered at 8:38 a.m. local time and the cameras located near the crater registered a column of ash that reached between 500-700 meters above the active crater. The activity at the volcano started at 6:30 a.m. with ash columns of close to 300 meters above the crater. Seismic activity continues and a low amplitude tremor. Several communities in the Central Valley reported ash fall, among them, Hatillo, Curridabat, Coronado, Guadalupe, Moravia, Tibas and Heredia.

Mount Shinmoedake in Kyushu Japan eruption rains cinder and ash on the town of Takaharu
Mount Shinmoedake, a volcano standing on the border between Miyazaki and Kagoshima prefectures in Kyushu, appears to have erupted, the Japan Meteorological Agency announced on March 1.
It is the first sign of volcanic activity at the 1,421-meter peak since Oct. 17 last year.
The volcano's threat level remains at 3, restricting access to the mountain.
The weather agency said it received a report from the Miyazaki Prefecture town of Takaharu that ash had fallen.

Mount Etna Europe's most active volcano is on the move: Billions of tonnes of rock causing incalculable stress is 'sliding towards the Mediterranean Sea
Mt. Etna is sliding and Europe's most active volcano is prone to a devastating sector collapse on the downslope side of the mountain.
A British led team of scientists have established that the whole structure on the Italian island of Sicily is edging in the direction of the Mediterranean at a rate of 14mm per year, it doesn't sound very much but the strain on billions of tonnes of rock must cause incalculable stress and at some point in the future a spectacular collapse is inevitable.
Geological investigations elsewhere in the world have shown that extinct volcanoes that display this kind of trend can suffer catastrophic failures on their leading flank as they drift downslope.

Mount Ijen East Java Indonesia belched thick clouds of sulphuric gas on Wednesday causing vomiting and difficulty in breathing to locals
After a relatively quiet period of volcanic activity on the planet Mount Ijen, new to The Big Wobble is showing activity.
An Indonesian volcano belched thick clouds of sulphuric gas on Wednesday, sending 30 people to the hospital and prompting the closure of the popular tourist and mining site.
Nearly 200 people living on the slopes of Mount Ijen in East Java province were forced to evacuate. "Because of this incident, the public - tourists or miners - are not allowed near the crater until further notice," said Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, spokesman for the national disaster mitigation agency.
He added that many residents had experienced vomiting and difficulty in breathing.
There was no increase in seismic activity, Nugroho said.

Volcanic activity on Vanuatu's Ambae island threatens again as fresh ashfall concerns experts after entire island was evacuated late last year
Volcanic activity on Vanuatu's Ambae island has picked up again, with fresh ashfall reported across the island's west and south.
The entire island was evacuated late last year when the volcano at the island's centre erupted, blanketing the island in ash, suffocating crops and contaminating water.
The population returned when the eruption settled down after a month, but last night, the volcano's alert level was raised from level 2 to 3 -- what's called a "state of minor eruption."
The Geohazards Department's Melinda Aru said the volcano was showing increased activity and an exclusion zone had been extended to three kilometres around the crater lake.

West Indies Seismic Research Center monitor underwater volcano Kick 'em Jenny "due to increased activities" exclusion zone of 5 km/3.1miles
Credit Wired.com
The National Disaster Management Agency (NaDMA) Monday said it had raised the alert level for the underwater volcano, Kick 'em Jenny from yellow to orange "due to increased activities".
NaDMA said that it had been working with the Trinidad-based Seismic Research Centre (SRC) of the University of the West Indies (UWI) in monitoring the situation and "with this increase in the alert level, ships and other marine operators are asked to observe the exclusion zone of 5 km/3.1miles". "NaDMA in collaboration with the University of the West Indies Seismic Research Center will continue to monitor the activities of Kick em' Jenny and will update the public as necessary, the statement noted.

Mount Etna, one of the world's most active volcanoes causes panic after several shocks shook the volcano in just five minutes
Mount Etna, one of the world's most active volcanoes, sparked fears of a fiery eruption on Thursday after a rapid succession of powerful tremors rocked the fiery mountain.
Residents of the ancient city of Catania on the eastern shores of Sicily were struck with panic after several shocks reverberated through Etna in just five minutes of each other.
The terrifying Etna which only sits 18miles from the coastal town was rocked by three shallow tremors on its southern slopes.
The National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV) of Catania recorded the shocks in the early morning hours.
The strongest of the quakes, of magnitude 3.3, struck at 9.50am local time just over 4 miles north of Ragalna, a small commune southeast of Palermo.

The Philippines most active colossus the Mayon volcano blows red hot lava and clouds of ash erupting on seven separate periods in 24 hours
Credit The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology.
Mayon volcano has continued to spew red-hot lava and clouds of ash into the air after it exploded seven times in just 24 hours as residents report the sound of rumbling from the towering crater for miles.
But the Philippines most active volcano shows no signs of letting up as officials revealed lava continued to flow from 7.19am on Thursday to 6am (local time) today erupting on seven separate periods during the timeframe.
The Mayon volcano, which stands at 8,077 foot tall, is one of the most active in the Philippines and has continued to erupt for weeks.

The Turrialba Volcano in Costa Rica awakes erupting gases, ashes and incandescent fragments of fresh lava with a strombolian eruption phase
The Turrialba Volcano in Cartago, Costa Rica had for the past weeks presented a diminished seismic activity and also a decreased degassification; however, the volcano raised its voice again this March 7th when it entered a strombolian eruption phase (relatively mild blasts).
The phase which began at 00:00 hours included the emission of gases, ashes and incandescent fragments of fresh lava which lasted through the first hours of the morning of this Wednesday. According to Dr Mauricio Mora from the National Seismology Network, a volcanic tremor (signal generated by the flow of fluids, water, gas of magma through the interior conducts of the volcano) was registered along with the activity.

Japanese Shinmoedake volcano eruption caused cancellation of flights after ash reached 3,650 metres in the peak's strongest eruption in seven years
A Japanese volcano which featured in a 1960s James Bond movie shot smoke and ash thousands of metres into the sky on Tuesday, prompting the cancellation of flights to and from a nearby airport, with the eruption likely to continue for some time.
Shinmoedake, in a largely rural area some 985 km (616 miles) from Tokyo on Japan's southernmost main island of Kyushu, had been erupting on a smaller scale since March 1, when the entrance to the 1,421 metre-high peak was restricted.
Television footage showed smoke and ash billowing high into the sky, with lava visible deep inside a crater at the mountain, which featured in the 1967 James Bond movie "You Only Live Twice".

Mt.Shinmoe eruption on the southwestern Japanese island of Kyushu Japan rains ash on nearby towns
Mt. Shinmoe on the southwestern Japanese main island of Kyushu erupted again Thursday less than five months after its last eruption, the Japan Meteorological Agency said.
The 1,421-meter high volcano straddling Kagoshima and Miyazaki prefectures erupted at around 11 a.m. and ash believed to have been spawn from the eruption was observed in the town of Takaharu, located east of the mountain, according to the agency.
Town officials confirmed the presence of fallen ash, while residents also reported the sighting of ash. The agency will dispatch its officials to the area to probe the situation, it said.
There were no immediate reports of injuries or property damage, according to police.

Mnt Sinabung continues to blow ash 5000 meters into the sky just 20km from a supervolcano capable of plunging the Earth into a year without summer.
Australians heading to Bali have been told they are unlikely to face any cancellations or delays even though airlines are on 'red notice' after Mount Sinabung, on the island of Sumatra, erupted again.
The regional volcanic ash advisory centre in Darwin has issued a red notice to airlines, which means the eruption is underway with significant emission of ash into the atmosphere.
However, a spokesperson from Jetstar told nine.com.au that flights heading to Bali are unaffected, although they will be closely monitoring the ash-clouds movement.
Billowing columns of ash shot more than 5000 meters into the atmosphere, but there were no fatalities or injuries reported as areas around the crater of the volcano, located about 1900km northwest of the capital Jakarta, have been off-limits for several years due to frequent volcanic activity.

Indonesian colossus Mount Sinabung erupts spewing ash and steam 16,400 feet into the sky
Indonesian colossus Mount Sinabung exploded this morning spewing ash and steam 16,400 feet into the Indonesian sky.
The spectacular eruption saw hot grey clouds rolling down the mountain's side.
According to The Independent, over 30,000 people have been forced to move away from homes near the mountain's base since the current series of eruptions began eight years ago.
The volcano's last spectacular eruption was in January this year.
So far, no fatalities or injuries have been reported this time, according to the National Disaster Mitigation Agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho.
The stratovolcano first erupted in 2010, having previously lain dormant for four centuries, when an explosion killed two people. Sixteen were killed in a 2014 blast and seven more in 2016.

Bali's volatile Mount Agung volcano rumbles back to life and spews ash and steam 1.5km into the Indonesian sky
Bali's Mount Agung volcano erupted on Tuesday (Feb 13), but there was no damage and flights were unaffected.
Indonesia's National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) said the volcano erupted at 11.49am local time, spewing ash as high as 1.5km above the crater.
The eruption lasted about 21 minutes.
"There was no follow-up eruption.
The exclusion zone is at a 4km radius," BNPB spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said in a statement.
Mount Agung lies some 70km from Bali's main airport Ngurah Rai and its top tourist areas, which attract some five million tourists annually.

The Costa Rica colossus Turrialba Volcano spews ash and steam 4,340 meters above sea level (14,235.2 ft.) after another important eruption
The Turrialba Volcano registered yet another important eruption, this Monday, February 12 at approximately 4:30 a.m. with a column that reached 1000 meters above the crater and 4,340 meters above sea level (14,235.2 ft.).
The emission of ash is continuous and of variable volume and has been constant for over one week now.
Ash is being dispersed by the winds to the southwest and several communities have reported ashfall in the entire metropolitan area (Cartago, Alajuela, Heredia, San Jose).
Health authorities in Costa Rica recommended preventive measures since last week in particular for the health problems that the small ash particles could cause to the sensitive population that suffer from respiratory or skin allergies, asthma and other particular health conditions.

Only 29 "confirmed" eruptions were recorded in 2017 the lowest count this century mirroring the lowest major quake total! A little weird?
It's incredible after all the reports I post per year of volcanic activity and eruption alerts that only 29 "confirmed" eruptions were recorded in 2017 but that is a fact according to the Smithsonian Institute the USGS of volcanoes.
2017's  total of 29 was 15 less than 2016's 44, 14 less than 2015's 43 and 9 less than 2014's 38.
Around 40 confirmed eruption is a yearly average in the 21st century with totals remaining pretty stable through the first 16 years with, just as with major quakes an unaccountable large drop-off in 2017.
Just as the major quake total of 2017 was the lowest this century, the confirmed eruption total for 2017 is the lowest number this century too, the highest being the 2004 total of 49.

Outflow of lava is at 2 million cubic meters per day and heading towards Legazpi City and Daraga town as Mount Mayon remains at danger level
The lava in one of the channels on Mount Mayon has advanced 300 meters since Friday according to the latest bulletin of the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Phivolcs) released on Sunday at 8 a.m.
According to Phivolcs's latest 24-hour observation of Mayon's state of unrest, from four kilometers Friday, the lava has flowed to 4.3 kilometers on the Bonga-Buyuan Gully towards Legazpi City.
The lava flow on the Miisi Gully towards Daraga town, on the other hand, has reached 3.2 kilometers.

Another major quake and two major volcano explosions bringing the total to eleven volatile active colossi confirm The Pacific Ring is on Fire!
Pacific Ring Of Fire active volcanoes/Click on image to enlarge.
A magnitude 6.0 - 265km NE of Scott Island Bank, Antarctica this afternoon is yet another major quake on the Pacific Rim, is the 13th major quake this year and we are just into February and all of them except three, I believe, were along the ring of fire.

People warned to evacuate from Mexico's most active volcano Popocatepetl as it explodes an ash column higher than a mile into the sky
A giant volcano spewed a column of ash more than a mile into the sky after it exploded more than three times yesterday, as the Mexican government warns of an imminent eruption from towering Popocatepetl.
The 5,462m volcano, just 45 miles from the capital Mexico City, started erupting on Tuesday and agencies have now warned the public to stay at least 7.5miles away.
A column of ash soared roughly 1.24miles into the sky at 4.48pm local time yesterday.
Mexico's centre for disaster prevention has issued a yellow alert, meaning people need to prepare for a possible evacuation.

Guatemala colossus Volcan de Fuego ("Fire Volcano") spews an ash tower 1.7 kilometres into the sky less than 50km from 3 million people
Authorities in Guatemala issued an orange alert on Thursday (Feb 1) over an erupting volcano located a short distance from its capital.
Increased activity in the Volcan de Fuego ("Fire Volcano") overnight on Wednesday saw ash tower 1.7 kilometres into the sky and lava flows up to 500 metres down the crater's side, an emergency services spokesman, David de Leon, told reporters.
Schools near the volcano, which is 35 kilometres southwest of Guatemala City, have been shut.
The Volcan de Fuego, one of three active volcanos in Guatemala, triggered an alarm in September 2012 when it erupted, causing the evacuation of 10,000 residents living nearby.

Pacific Ring Of Fire Vanuatu Island volcano Gaua rumbles back to life in the South Pacific Ocean
Volcanic Activity at Gaua shows signs of imminent increase.
Its Volcanic Alert Level has moved from Level 1 to Level 2 .
Volcano activity at Gaua is in the level of major unrest state and its Alert Level is now at Level 2. Danger is restricted to visitors approaching the volcanic cone; Risk is around the volcanic cone. Latest observations done from December 2017 to January 2018 confirm that the activity consists of ongoing volcanic steam cloud which may content volcanic gases.
These observations and seismic analysis confirms that the volcano activity has increased to the major unrest state.
Visitors approaching the volcano may smell volcanic gases.
Alert Level for Gaua volcano was at Level 1 since 21st December 2010.

With 10.5 million cubic meters of pyroclastic material deposits volatile Mount Mayon continued its heightened activity with 3 eruptions in the night
State volcanologists detected three eruption episodes overnight as restive Mayon Volcano continued its heightened activity.
In a report on Super Radyo dzBB on Sunday morning, Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) Director Renato Solidum Jr. was quoted as saying that the eruption episodes were recorded beginning early Saturday evening and until early Sunday morning. PHIVOLCS data showed that the lava fountaining events were detected at 6:22 p.m.

80,000 people in a state of "zero visibility" explosion-type earthquakes nearly 60,000 evacuated as volatile Mount Mayon volcano prepares to blow
Authorities in the Philippines are warning people to stay clear of the volatile Mount Mayon volcano after multiple eruptions spread lava and ash for kilometres.
A thick column of ash streamed five kilometres into the air above the volcano, in Albay province in southeastern Luzon, and spread over neighbouring districts, the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) said in a statement Tuesday.

Mount Kusatsu-Shirane eruption kills1 and injures 11 some of them critical with at least 78 skiers still trapped as exploding rocks causes avalanche
A Japanese soldier has been killed in an avalanche which was caused by a volcano eruption in Japan
At least eleven other people were injured Tuesday, some of them critical in and around the volcanic eruption near a ski resort in central Japan, officials said.
Most of the injured were on the ski slopes, while some were in a gondola where glass was broken apparently by a flying rock, said Makoto Shinohara, an official in Kusatsu town.
The Japanese military said six soldiers who were among about 30 on ski training were buried by a nearby avalanche, but they were all rescued.

Mount Mayon the Philippines' most active volcano finally explodes thunderously: Explosion sent superheated lava, molten rocks and steam into the sky
The Philippines' most active volcano exploded thunderously Monday, sending a huge gray column of lava fragments, ash and steam into the sky and prompting authorities to warn that a violent eruption may be imminent.
The noontime explosion sent superheated lava, molten rocks and steam cascading down Mount Mayon's slopes and shrouded nearby villages in darkness, said Renato Solidum of the Philippine Institute of Seismology and Volcanology and other officials.
Authorities raised the alert level to four on a scale of five, which means an explosive eruption is possible within hours or days.
A danger zone around Mayon was expanded to 8 kilometers (5 miles) from the crater.

The Rabaul Volcanological Observatory Papua New Guinea claim activity on Kadovar island volcano remains "dynamic" white steam plume rising
Earthwindmap  showing Sulfur Dioxide Mass from the volcano
The tiny island off the north coast of PNG's mainland erupted earlier this month.
Over 600 residents were promptly evacuated from the island whose vegetation has been covered in ash.
The Rabaul Volcanological Observatory said activity on Kadovar remains "dynamic" and that a continuous white steam plume is rising from its southeast vent up to 800 meters above the island.

Central American colossus Turrialba Volcano is the third Costa Rican volcano to rumble back to life after mag 7.8 quake last week in Honduras
On Monday, January 15 at 4:11 a.m. the cameras of the National Seismology Network (RSN) recorded the moment of an eruption at the Turrialba Volcano that lasted for 14 minutes.
"Although the visibility was scarce, the surveillance camera of the National Seismology Network located closest to the active crater was able to partially capture the process.
It wasn't possible to estimate the height of the eruptive column", states the information posted by Dr. Mauricio Mora from the RSN.

Countdown! 35,000 people evacuated as Philippine province declared a state of calamity with a Mayon volcano eruption now imminent
A central Philippine province declared a state of calamity on Tuesday as a volcano spewed lava that reached the limits of a six-km radius no-go zone and spread ash on nearby farming villages.
Mount Mayon, the most active volcano in the Philippines, continued to erupt on Tuesday forcing nearly 35,000 people to evacuate.
While the recent eruptions have been relatively weak, scientists warn that they could turn explosive at any time, according to the Associated Press.

Tsunami warning issued for eruption of volcano on Kadovar Island Papua New Guinea as explosion will trigger landslides into the sea
Earthwindmap showing Sulfur Dioxide surface mass
People in Papua New Guinea are being warned that an eruption of a volcano in the South Pacific nation could also cause a local tsunami.
The volcano on Kadovar Island has been erupting for more than a week, forcing 700 people to leave that island and 3,000 to be evacuated from nearby Biem Island.

12,000 flee as government officials declare Mayon volcano Philippines eruption is now imminent (Video)
12,000 flee the rumbling Mayon volcano in the Philippines as eruption now imminent according to government officials.
More than 12,000 people have been ordered to evacuate from a seven-kilometre (four mile) danger zone around the crater, as officials warned them of potentially destructive mudflows and toxic clouds.
The crater of a rumbling Philippine volcano was glowing bright red Monday, with vulcanologists warning it could erupt within days, sending thousands fleeing from their homes.

Nearly 2,000 people evacuated from Kadovar island off the northern coast of Papua New Guinea after dormant volcano exploded on Friday
 A dormant volcano which is thought never to have erupted before begun erupting on January the 5th on the island of Kadovar off the northern coast of Papua New Guinea has now resulted in the evacuation of nearly 2,000 people to the wonderful sounding island of Blup Blup.
According to Reuters, the volcano exploded on Friday, blasting out glowing red rocks and sulphur dioxide, the Rabaul Volcanological Observatory said in a bulletin.
The PNG government then decided to evacuate Blup Blup as well because of issues with supplying people on the island along with the danger from the eruption.

Some kind of record? Mount Sinabung spew's ash and molton lava into the Indonesian sky is the fifth volcano in 24 hours showing increased activity.
It's the fifth volcano in 24 hours spewing ash and showing activity after  The Mayon volcano in the Philippines, Bali's Mount Agung, the Stromboli volcano Eolian Islands in Italy and the Tenorio volcano Costa Rica and the 7th in just over week when we add The Klyuchevskoy Volcano in the Kamchatka Region and a volcano eruption on Kadovar Island Papua New Guinea.
Mount Sinabung the Indonesian colossus has spewed ash steam and molton lava for the first time since October 2017.

It's the fourth volcano in 24 hours spewing ash and showing activity: The Philippine colossus Mayon volcano spews ash and smoke into the sky
It's the fourth volcano in 24 hours spewing ash and showing activity after Bali's Mount Agung, the Stromboli volcano Eolian Islands in Italy and the Tenorio volcano Costa Rica.
The Mayon volcano rained ash over the towns of Camalig and Guinobatan in Albay province on Saturday during a phreatic eruption, Albay's Public Safety and Emergency Management Office (Apsemo) said. The explosion occurred at 5:06 p.m. The explosion prompted the evacuation of residents in some barangays in the towns of Camalig and Guinobatan.

Days after zone was reduced from a radius of 10km Bali's Mount Agung erupt's again on Thursday spewing ash 2.5km into the Indonesian sky
Bali's Mount Agung erupted again on Thursday, sending thick ash and smoke up to 2.5km into the sky, according to Indonesian authorities.
The danger zone around the volcano remains at a radius of 6km from the crater, according to Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, spokesman for Indonesia's Disaster Mitigation Agency.
The zone was reduced from a radius of 10km last week.
Nugroho said the volcano still shows a high intensity of volcanic activity, despite the shrinkage of the danger zone.

A very strong explosion witnessed at the Stromboli volcano Eolian Islands Italy
Reports are coming of an explosion at the Stromboli volcano on the Italian island of Ginostra, below is a report translated from Italian...
A very strong explosion seems to have occurred on the Stromboli volcano last night around 21:00 local time, friends of ours who are currently on the island of Ginostra, Italy reported.

Concern for two boats sent to rescue 500 villagers from Kadovar Island as sleeping volcano erupts on Kadovar Island Papua New Guinea
Two dinghies from Kopar village in Angoram district have been sent out to assist in evacuating the more than 500 people on Kadovar Island, East Sepik Province.
This follows the eruption of a sleeping volcano, which erupted at least 16 hours ago.
Kopar councillor Tom Kelly told this newsroom that the boats were sent out as soon as they noticed that something was wrong.

Off we go! The highest active volcano in Eurasia is the first volcano activity report of 2018 as The Klyuchevskoy Volcano spews ash 5.5 km high!
It's exciting, it's an old friend and it's the highest active volcano in Eurasia, the first volcano activity report of 2018...Off we go!
The Klyuchevskoy Volcano in the Kamchatka Region has been spewing up ash for three days in a row, the Kamchatka Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT) at the Institute of Volcanology and Seismology of the Far Eastern Department of the Russian Academy of Sciences told TASS on Friday. "The volcano emitted ash as high as 5.5 km [above sea level.] 

Kamchatka Volcano Russia rumbles back to life and blows ash and steam a massive 17 km into the sky
The Bezymianny volcano in Kamchatka has spewed up ash as high as 17 km above sea level, subsequently sparking a new eruption, the third this year, the Kamchatka Branch of the Geophysical Service at the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) told TASS on Wednesday.

The Reventador volcano Equador has exploded back to life! Ejecting lava bombs, ash clouds, and pyroclastic flows (Spectacular Video)
The Reventador volcano (3562m) is a rarely documented andesitic stratovolcano located in a horseshoe-shaped caldera in the Amazonian highlands of Ecuador.
Its massive explosive eruption of 2002 which was accompanied by pyroclastic flows threatened nearby oil pipelines.

Mount Sinabung spews ash 3 and a half Kilometres into the Indonesian Sky the third active volcano in the area
Indonesia's Sinabung volcano in northern Sumatra province erupted on Monday (Dec 18) spewing hot clouds of ash, the Xinhua news agency reported, citing an official monitoring the volcano.
The eruption took place at a 1.02pm local time and was accompanied by about 5 minutes of tremors around the area, the head of the Sinabung volcano monitoring post, Armen Putra, said.

Confirmed Volcanic Eruptions Stable This Century Averaging Around 40 Per Year
Although 2016 was a relatively average year for the world's active volcanoes, the activity that did take place was still spectacular.
Out of an estimated 1,500 active volcanoes, 44 erupted in 2016, spewing steam, ash, toxic gases, and lava.

Volcano eruptions of 2014 and all eruptions since 1600 to present
A total of 41 volcano eruptions where confirmed in the year 2014, which you can see on the wonderful graph below which falls into an average figure for the last 60 years or so.
The largest eruption of the year was the Kelut Volcano in Java, Indonesia measuring 4 on the Volcanic Explosivity Index, ( VEI).