Saturday, 24 March 2018

Mount Etna Europe's most active volcano is on the move: Billions of tonnes of rock causing incalculable stress is 'sliding towards the Mediterranean Sea

Long exposure image of a "dual-vent" eruption from Mount Etna's NSEC (New South East Crater) Credit Wikipedia

Mt. Etna is sliding and Europe's most active volcano is prone to a devastating sector collapse on the downslope side of the mountain.
A British led team of scientists have established that the whole structure on the Italian island of Sicily is edging in the direction of the Mediterranean at a rate of 14mm per year, it doesn't sound very much but the strain on billions of tonnes of rock must cause incalculable stress and at some point in the future a spectacular collapse is inevitable.
Geological investigations elsewhere in the world have shown that extinct volcanoes that display this kind of trend can suffer catastrophic failures on their leading flank as they drift downslope.
Stresses can build up that lead eventually to devastating landslides.
To emphasize the problem, Mount Etna is Europe's most active volcano and is prone to seismic activity.
Certainly, there is absolutely no evidence that this is about to happen at Etna.
Local residents should not be alarmed, the Open University scientist said.
"The 14mm/yr is an average; it varies from year to year," he explained.
"The thing to watch I guess is if in 10 years' time the rate of movement has doubled - that would be a warning.

Gravitational sliding of the Mt. Etna massif along a sloping basement

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