Disease Quick Read

Australia's mysterious flesh-eating ulcer 'epidemic' is a mystery and experts don't know how to stop it and is spreading at unprecedented levels
Photo Credit THE MEDICAL JOURNAL OF AUSTRALIA A mysterious and 'nasty' flesh-eating bug is spreading at unprecedented levels in Victoria, and experts don't know how to stop it.
Researchers are appealing for government funding so they can figure out how to contain the bacteria, which causes a disease called Buruli ulcer.
Most commonly found in tropical Africa and usually associated with stagnant water, it can have devastating impacts on sufferers, including long-term disability and deformity.
Cases have been reported in the Daintree and, less commonly, the Northern Territory, NSW and Western Australia.
But most are from Victoria where there's a worsening epidemic, including 182 new cases in 2016, 275 in 2017 and 30 so far in 2018.

5 laboratory primates tested positive for bacteria that cause tuberculosis without showing outward symptoms: Human caretaker also tested positive
Photo picsolds.com
The U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases - a tenant agency on Fort Detrick in Frederick - is investigating after five laboratory primates tested positive for the bacteria that cause tuberculosis.
Tuberculosis - a bacterial disease that primarily affects the lungs - can cause chest pain, persistent coughing and coughing up blood.
It's rarely fatal among patients in the United States but does require at least a six-month treatment regimen of four antibiotic drugs.
The disease was found among a group of cynomolgus macaques, also known as crab-eating macaques - an important species to biomedical research.

The plague is back! After the worst outbreak in 50 years last year and 7 countries confirming outbreaks New Mexico is the latest to confirm the disease
The New Mexico Department of Health is warning residents the first case of plague this year has been contracted by a dog in Santa Fe County.
NMDOH is performing an investigation of the dog owner's home to assess the risk of the disease potentially spreading.
"They will go door-to-door to neighbors near the case to inform them about plague found in the area and provide information to residents on reducing their risk," said Department of Health Secretary Lynn Gallagher in a press release.
There were 28 animal cases last year.
Four New Mexico humans who contracted plague in 2017 survived the sickness.

Untreatable with first choice antibiotics! World's "worst-ever" case of super-gonorrhoea SPREADING in the UK: Resistant gonorrhoea is of huge concern
It's been described as the world's "worst-ever" case of super-gonorrhoea.
And just as AIDS caused millions of deaths since the 80's, super-gonorrhoea could be the next killer spreading rapidly around the world as Doctors cannot cure the disease with first choice antibiotics.
A man in the UK picked up the infection earlier in the year after a sexual encounter with a woman in South East Asia.
Two other cases are suspected in West Midlands and the south-east, Public Health England (PHE) said.
Public Health England says it is the first time the infection cannot be cured with first choice antibiotics.
According to the BBC, Doctors have long been warning this could happen.

Tiny Beetle Devastating Forests In Worst Outbreak Ever! 100,000 trees falling across the US every DAY and a billion dead in Colorado alone
It's a worrying situation with almost 50 million falling every year across the US.
As California suffered the biggest wildfire in its history last year a new report claimed 30 million trees died in the last 13 months bringing the total to a staggering 129 million since 2014.
In Colorada, it's worse nearly one in every 14 standing trees is dead with an astonishing estimated 834 million dead trees.
Despite being smaller than a grain of rice, mountain pine beetles are causing big problems for pine forests across North America.
Bark beetle colonies feed and reproduce on the inner bark of ponderosa and limber pines, wreaking deadly havoc on the tree's ability to circulate nutrients and absorb water.

Shellfish contaminated with Hepatitis E found in Scottish supermarkets for the first time after a huge spike in laboratory-diagnosed cases
Shellfish contaminated with a bug that can cause vomiting, fever and potentially deadly liver failure in the most serious cases have been found on sale in Scottish supermarkets for the first time.
Blue mussels and an oyster harvested from Scottish waters tested positive for the hepatitis E virus. They had been purchased from four supermarkets in the Glasgow area and a fishmonger on the east coast.
It comes in the wake of a surge in the number of people struck down with the virus, with the number of laboratory-diagnosed cases in Scotland climbing from 13 in 2011 to 206 in 2016.
The latest results follow an analysis of 310 shellfish samples collected by researchers at Glasgow Caledonian University (GCU).
They found traces of Hepatitis E in eight blue mussels and one oyster.

Just five days after falling off his bike, little eight-year-old Liam Flanagan dies from deadly Flesh-eating bacteria in Portland US
Sara Hebard said her 8-year-old son Liam Flanagan just fell off his bike and cut his leg near the family's Pilot Rock farm, but that would eventually became infected by a flesh-eating bacteria that caused the boy's death. (photo courtesy Sara Hebard)
Eight-year-old Liam Flanagan was riding his bike down a hill in a Pilot Rock, Ore., on Jan. 13 when he crashed and cut his leg.
The boy was taken to the hospital and received seven stitches on his upper thigh.
But three days later, he complained his leg was still hurting while he was at school, his mother, Sara Hebard told NBC News.
He said the pain was getting worse in his groin area.

Aussie flu virus H3N2 killing around 100 people per week in the US while flu fatalities have soared by 77 percent in just one week in England
While the impact of flu varies, it places a substantial burden on the health of people in the United States each year.
CDC estimates that influenza has resulted in between 9.2 million and 35.6 million illnesses, between 140,000 and 710,000 hospitalizations and between 12,000 and 56,000 deaths annually since 2010. Credit CDC.

It's exactly 100 years since the Spanish flu infected 500 million and killed an estimated 100 million people around the world.

100 years ago Spanish flu infected 500 million and killed an estimated 100 million people: Australian flu fatalities soar 77% in one week in England
It's exactly 100 years since the Spanish flu infected 500 million and killed an estimated 100 million people around the world.
Fast forward to 2018 and experts are worried another monster pandemic is emerging called "The Australian Flu!"
And the caveat is, this season's flu vaccines are no match for this new virus.

China is the 7th country this year to confirm a Bubonic plague outbreak after biggest outbreak in 50 years in Madagascar killed more than 200 people
China is the latest country this year to discover the Bubonic plague after a person died of the disease.
Subei County in northwest China's Gansu Province on Wednesday lifted a quarantine for plague after local health officials said they believe they have controlled the disease from spreading.
A person in Subei showing symptoms of plague died on Dec. 12.

Madagascar plague confirmed, probable and suspected cases jumps to 2,119 as WHO insist the plague is declining on the island
On November 6th 1,947 confirmed probable and suspected cases of plague was officially recorded on Madagascar.
On the 17th of November, the total has grown to 2,111 cases however WHO, World Health Organisation claims that the plague is declining.
Since [Tue 1 Aug 2017], Madagascar has been experiencing a large outbreak of plague.