Hurricanes and cyclones Quick Read

Hurricanes and cyclones
Monster! Hurricane Michael the fourth-strongest storm in recorded history to hit the mainland US hammers north-west Florida
Monster: A view of the eye of Hurricane Michael taken on Oct. 10, 2018, from the International Space Station currently orbiting Earth.
The photo was taken by astronaut Dr Serena M. Auñón-Chancellor, Credit: NASA
It was the fourth-strongest storm in recorded history to hit the mainland US and battered north-west Florida, flooding beach towns and snapping trees.
According to the BBC, Hurricane Michael made landfall on Wednesday afternoon as a category four storm with 155mph (250km/h) winds in the state's Panhandle region.

Florida braces for a monster: Category 4 Hurricane Michael is expected to strengthen before making landfall as almost 400,000 evacuated
Category 4 hurricane Michael with maximum sustained winds of 130 mph is expected to strengthen further before making landfall near Panama City, Florida, on Wednesday afternoon.
According to the BBC, Hurricane Michael has been upgraded to an "extremely dangerous" category 4 storm, hours before it is due to make landfall in Florida.
The storm has sustained winds of 130mph (210km/h) and is due to make landfall at about midday (16:00 GMT).
More than 370,000 people in Florida have been ordered to evacuate and move to higher ground.

A very rare Mediterranean hurricane called a "Medicane" set to dump a month's rain on parts of Greece today: Becoming more frequent
One month's rainfall is expected in parts of Greece today, it comes on top of three days of gale-force winds that knocked out power lines in several Attica neighbourhoods and other parts of the country on Thursday.
That weather system has been dubbed Xenophon by experts and is said to be on its way out, though only to be replaced by a Mediterranean storm with tropical characteristics equivalent to a hurricane, or Medicane, that has been named Zorba.
The Mediterranean hurricane heading towards Greece reached the southern Ionian Sea on Thursday evening, the meteorological service (Meteo) of the Athens National Observatory said on Thursday.


A summer of record heatwaves 3 major quakes 1 year's rainfall in a week Japan prepares for its 3rd powerful typhoon in three months
As Japan is still recovering from a record-breaking summer of disasters the next "Super Typhoon" is taking aim at the land of the rising sun.
The powerful typhoon is slowly meandering northwards to the Ryukyu Islands of Japan.
Typhoon Trami will remain over the open ocean in an ideal environment through at least Thursday, the warm waters of the Pacific acting like rocket fuel for the typhoon.
According to AccuWeather.com Trami will remain over the Pacific allowing the storm to remain a dangerous and powerful typhoon.
Due to the slow movement of the storm, communities still have time to prepare for possible impacts or evacuations from Trami, which could produce life-threatening conditions hundreds of miles from its centre.

Floodwaters rise as killer storm stalks southeastern US as Wilmington North Carolina is completely cut off from the rest of the state
With the death count now at 17 a city of 150,000 has been totally cut off following Hurricane Florence.
The coastal city of Wilmington, North Carolina, is completely cut off from the rest of the state as water levels rise.
About 400 people have been rescued from floodwaters in the city, described as an island within the state.
Tens of thousands of homes have been damaged with worse flooding to come as rivers fill to the bursting point.
According to Reuters, Florence, a onetime hurricane that weakened to a tropical depression by Sunday, dumped up to 40 inches (100 cm) of rain on parts of North Carolina since Thursday, and continued to produce widespread heavy rain over much of North Carolina and eastern South Carolina, the National Weather Service said.

Wind gusts of 223 kph (138 mph) 2.5 million people evacuated in China's Guangdong province as Super Typhoon Mangkhut make landfall
More than 2.5 million people have been evacuated in China's Guangdong province as Mangkhut made landfall at 5 p.m. local time, according to Chinese state media.
Xinhua reported that 18,327 emergency shelters had been activated and that 632 tourism and 29,611 construction sites had been shut down.
As Mangkhut marched toward the Chinese mainland, Hong Kong was also buffeted by fierce winds that tore off roofs, downed trees and caused cranes perched atop half-built skyscrapers to swing ominously.

A storm surge four storeys high wind gusts 330 kmh (an incredible 205mh) Super Typhoon Mangkhut slams into the northern Philippines
Super Typhoon Mangkhut slammed into the northern Philippines on Saturday (Sept 15) with violent winds and torrential rains, as authorities warned millions in its path of potentially heavy destruction.
The massive storm, which forecasters have called the strongest typhoon this year, blew down trees, tore off roofs and knocked out power when it made landfall on the island of Luzon in the pre-dawn darkness.
As it barrelled west toward China across the disaster-prone archipelago, the storm's gusts strengthened up to 330 kilometres per hour but its sustained winds had weakened to 185kmh.
"As much as possible, stay indoors," Chris Perez, a forecaster for the state weather service, warned the roughly four million people in the path of the storm after it landed at 1.40am.

Hurricane Florence strengthening as it barrels toward the Carolinas: Nearly two million people have been issued an evacuation order
Florence is being fed with warm water, rocket fuel for hurricanes, strengthening it to a category 4 storm, the most powerful to menace the region in nearly three decades as it barrels toward the Carolinas.
Nearly two million people have been issued an evacuation order as Mr Trump tweeted that this was "one of the worst storms to hit the East Coast in many years".
 According to Reuters, Florence is packing winds of 140 miles per hour (220 kph), and is expected to grow even stronger before making landfall on Thursday, most likely in southeastern North Carolina near the South Carolina border, the National Hurricane Center in Miami said.

Less than a year after the end of the most remarkable Atlantic hurricane season in history three tropical storms eye the Gulf of Mexico
It's September again and yes... three tropical storms are queuing up in the Atlantic all three with an eye on the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico.
Warm waters are feeding Florence and is forecast to restrengthen into a hurricane and push close to Bermuda and the United States East Coast this week.
According to AccuWeather.com, Florence may evolve into a serious direct threat.
After forming near the Cabo Verde Islands last weekend, Florence became the first Category 4 hurricane of the 2018 Atlantic season as it entered a zone of low wind shear and sufficiently warm waters last week.

Hurricane Lane Hawaii’s worst storm in a quarter century packing winds of 130 miles per hour could collapse Mount Kilauea crater walls
Hurricane Lane, is threatening a direct hit as Hawaii’s worst storm in a quarter century, on Thursday churned toward Oahu, the island with the largest population, as schools, government offices and business closed and residents stocked up on supplies and boarded up homes.
According to Reuters, Lane, packing sustained winds of up to 130 miles per hour (215 km per hour), Lane could dump as much as 20 inches of rain, triggering flash floods and landslides, the National Weather Service said.
“Preparations to protect life and property should be rushed to completion,” the National Weather Service’s Central Pacific Hurricane Center in Honolulu said in its latest advisory.

Weeks after hundreds died along with 40,000 hospitalised from floods heatwave and a powerful typhoon in Japan Typhoon Shansan takes aim
Just over a week after Japan evacuated 36,000 from powerful Typhoon Jongdari as it smashed into the South East of the island and only weeks after more than 300 died along with  40,000 hospitalised from floods a heatwave and landslides another powerful typhoon is taking aim and expecting to make landfall Thursday morning.
Typhoon Shanshan was expected to be less than 150 kilometres (90 miles) from Tokyo around midnight on Wednesday (1500 GMT), sparking fears the busy morning commute in the capital could be disrupted the following day.
According to AFP, the typhoon is coming "very close to the Pacific coast" of eastern Japan, centring on Tokyo, and is expected to move towards northern provinces from late Wednesday and early Thursday, the meteorological agency said.

Japan evacuates 36,000 as powerful Typhoon Jongdari takes aim after more than 300 dead and 40,000 hospitalised from floods and landslides
NASA Earth Observatory image by Lauren Dauphin, using VIIRS data from the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership. Caption by Kasha Patel.
A powerful typhoon is heading for Japan after one of the countries deadliest months ever after more than 300 people died and nearly 40,000 hospitalised from floods and a crippling heatwave.
Typhoon Jongdari, packing winds of up to 180 kilometres (110 miles) an hour, is forecast to make landfall on the country's main island on Saturday night or early Sunday, according to Japan's Meteorological Agency.
Authorities have issued evacuation orders to western areas still devastated by floods and landslides.

Almost 200,000 people evacuated as Tropical Storm Ampil batters Shanghai with damaging gusts of winds and torrential rain
Tropical Storm Ampil has battered Shanghai with damaging gusts of winds and torrential rain.
The storm first made landfall in the Japanese Ryukyu Islands, before heading towards the Chinese mainland.
More than 190,000 people were evacuated from their homes as the storm bore down on the financial hub.
Numerous flights from Shanghai's two international airports, Pudong and Hongqiao, were cancelled or delayed and some of the city's metro lines were suspended.
As Ampil tracked across the East China Sea, the warm water and weak winds in the upper atmosphere would normally encourage a storm to strengthen, but dry air drawn in from the south prevented the storm from intensifying.

It resembles the film "The Day After Tomorrow" six tropical storms aiming for East-Asian coastline death toll expected to rise
Six tropical storms are lined up along the East-Asian coastline in a group of weather patterns which resemble something from the film "The Day After Tomorrow"
It started in Japan a few weeks ago when torrential rain killed more than 200, more than 8 million people were advised or urged to evacuate across 23 prefectures, caused by Typhoon Prapiroon.
The floods were followed by a deadly heatwave killing a further 50.
More than 8 million people were advised or urged to evacuate across 23 prefectures.
Yesterday Vietnam news declared tropical storm Son Tinh has killed 20 people, left 16 missing and injured 14 in Vietnam.


20 people dead 16 missing 17,000 animals killed and thousands of homes destroyed as Tropical storm Son Tinh hits Vietnam
Credits: NASA/JAXA, Hal Pierce.

Tropical storm Son Tinh has killed 20 people, left 16 missing and injured 14 in Vietnam, the country's rescue committee says.
Floods triggered by heavy rains hit northern Vietnam after Son Tinh made landfall in northern coastal areas on Thursday, while the capital Hanoi was flooded and lashed by torrential rains.
More than 5000 houses were damaged, swept away, submerged or collapsed, around 82,000 hectares of crops were damaged and nearly 17,000 animals were killed nationwide, the Vietnam National Committee for Search and Rescue said in a report on Saturday.
Heavy rains are expected to continue over the next few days, Vietnam's Steering Committee for Disaster Prevention said in a separate statement on Saturday.

Tropical Storm Chris strengthened on Tuesday to become the second hurricane of the North Atlantic season
This image shows Chris off the Carolina coast on Tuesday, July 10, 2018. Chris has had a visible, well-developed eye much of the day. (GOES16 / NOAA)

The second hurricane of the season is running parallel to the US East coast and is currently around 200 miles east of North Carolina.
Tropical Storm Chris hit hurricane strength on Tuesday with winds of 85 miles per hour (140 kilometres per hour)
According to AccuWeather.com Chris, which had been nearly stationary since this past weekend, is forecast to pick up forward speed to the northeast this week.
The hurricane will continue to stir rough seas and rip currents along the coast of the Carolinas and at the mid-Atlantic beaches through the middle of the week.

The powerful "super typhoon Maria" to threaten lives and property next week as it heads for China
RSOE Alertmap
The powerful super typhoon Maria is expected to barrel across Japan’s Ryukyu Islands and eastern China as a dangerous typhoon Tuesday through Thursday of next week.
According to AccuWeather.com, Maria will remain a powerful super typhoon through this weekend as it churns northwestward over the Philippine Sea.
No land masses will be directly affected, but dangerous seas being stirred can force ships to alter their courses.
Delays in shipments may result.

The first named storm of the 2018 Atlantic hurricane season arrives early as subtropical Storm Alberto set hit Florida, Alabama and Mississippi
Credit NOAA.

The first named storm of the yet to start 2018 Atlantic hurricane season has Florida, Alabama and Mississippi declaring a state of emergency as Subtropical Storm Alberto drove north toward the U.S. Gulf Coast, threatening to bring heavy rainfall and flooding to the coastal states by Monday.
According to Reuters, the first named Atlantic storm of 2018 is expected to intensify and bring wind speeds of up to 65 miles per hour (40 km/h) to the northern Gulf Coast when it approaches on the Memorial Day holiday on Monday, the National Weather Service (NWS) said in its latest advisory.

"The situation is extremely critical," eight missing hundreds of others evacuated as Cyclone Mekunu hit Yemen's island of Socotra
On May 23, NASA’s Aqua satellite captured a visible light image of Mekunu.
The image showed the low-level centre of circulation southeast of Masirah Island, Oman.
A band of thunderstorms in the western quadrant stretched over the island and skirted Oman’s mainland coast.
Credits: NASA/NRL

Eight people were missing and hundreds of others evacuated from their homes as Cyclone Mekunu hit Yemen's island of Socotra on Wednesday night.
Four of the missing were crew on board a boat that sank in the Arabian Sea and are suspected to be dead.

Nearly 1 million people in Puerto Rico left without power after another widespread outage as island still struggles to recover from Hurricane Maria
Some 870,000 electricity customers across Puerto Rico were left without power on Thursday after another widespread outage, forcing the island's main public hospital and international airport to switch to backup generators as the U.S. territory struggles to recover from Hurricane Maria.
The island's Electric Power Authority said a tree fell on the main line that supplies power to the capital of San Juan and surrounding areas from the north coast to the southeast.
The tree fell as crews cleared land in the southeast mountain town of Cayey as part of power restoration efforts.
Interim power company director Justo Gonzalez said it could take seven to 11 hours for power to return.

The second cyclone to hit Fiji in just over a week as category 3 Tropical cyclone Keni to make landfall Tuesday
Credits: NOAA/NASA Goddard Rapid Response Team
Tropical cyclone Keni, which has upgraded to a category 3 storm, is on Tuesday approaching the South Pacific Island state of Fiji and the authorities have warned the public to make preparations for it.
Cyclone Keni is expected to be closest to the island state from midday on Tuesday and the Fiji weather office is expecting Keni to pass south of Nadi, the third largest city of Fiji, before making landfall over the southern island of Kadavu.
The centre of cyclone Keni, which is currently located 200 kilometres West of Nadi, is travelling in an East South East direction at 20 kilometres per hour towards Fiji and is expected to continue on this track for now.
Close to its centre, cyclone Keni is expected to have average winds up to 130 kilometres per hour with momentary gusts to 185 kilometres per hour.

NASA watching 3 low-pressure systems in the Indian Ocean as cyclone Eliakim set to batter Madagascar just two weeks after cyclone Dumazile
NASA is watching three low-pressure systems in the Indian Ocean today.
Two in the Southern Indian Ocean and One in the Northern Indian Ocean.
In the Southern Indian Ocean, the system that has the highest chance for development is northeast of Madagascar.
A newly formed tropical storm near Madagascar will threaten the country with flooding and damaging winds into this weekend.
Madagascar will once again be the target of a tropical system, named Eliakim, following impacts from Ava and Dumazile earlier this year.
A west track through Friday will take the strengthening tropical storm near or into northern Madagascar before a south to southeast turn occurs late Friday through the weekend.


Category 4 Tropical Cyclone Hola to hit New Caledonia on Friday after battering the South Pacific island of Vanuatu
On Mar. 8 NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite captured a visible image of Tropical Cyclone Hola over Vanuatu in the South Pacific Ocean. Credits: NOAA/NASA Goddard Rapid Response Team
Tropical Cyclone Hola is barreling toward New Caledonia on Friday after battering the South Pacific island of Vanuatu damaging buildings and  knocking out communications
Tropical Cyclone Hola will bring heavy rain and strong winds to parts of New Caledonia from Friday into Saturday before heading towards New Zealand.
Hola is currently a Category 4 tropical cyclone on the Fiji intensity scale, comparable to a Category 2 hurricane in the Atlantic or eastern Pacific basin.



Tropical cyclone Dumazile set to strengthen to the equivalent of a Category 3 hurricane as it pummels the eastern coast of Madagascar
Tropical cyclone Dumazile is on course to shave Madagascar and La Reunion with intense rain and heavy gusty winds during this week.
Staying off the eastern coast of Madagascar warm water is expected to feed Dumazile enable the cyclone to strengthen further and may become an intense tropical cyclone during the beginning of the week.
Wind gusts over 100 km/h (62 mph) will still be possible in any thunderstorms in the outer bands of the storm, including along the eastern shores of the island.
Sustained winds up to 185 km/h (115 mph) are possible across the waters between Madagascar and La Reunion.
This would be winds equivalent to a Category 3 hurricane in the Atlantic or the Eastern Pacific ocean basins.
"The environment east of Madagascar will be favourable for further strengthening through Monday," said AccuWeather Meteorologist Faith Eherts.



A state of emergency is declared in many parts of New Zealand as Cyclone Gita makes landfall and divides into two storms!
A state of emergency is declared in many parts of New Zealand as Cyclone Gita makes landfall and incredibly is set to split into two storms later today.
Serious wind damage and flooding are expected as the South Island will become sandwiched by the two storms after dark.
According to The New Zealand Herald, the ex-tropical cyclone is causing flooding, with winds up to 140km/h and waves up to 7m
A state of emergency declared in Christchurch, Buller District, Grey District, Selwyn, Westland, Tasman and Taranaki
Heavy rain and strong wind warnings are in place for most of central New Zealand including Wellington, Whanganui, Taranaki, Nelson, Buller, Marlborough (including Kaikoura Coast), Westland and the Canterbury high country
Flights and trains have been cancelled, and SH1, north and south of Kaikoura, is closed.



Staggering wind speeds of 213 km/h with wind gusts of 259 km/h and waves 11 metres high make Cyclone Gita category 4 the strongest storm of the year so far
Cyclone Gita at category 4 is now the most powerful storm of 2018 with staggering wind speeds of 213 km/h and wind gusts of  259 km/h and waves 11 metres high.
The storm has constantly increased its strength since it was declared a Cyclone on the 9th of Feb.
Its current course is Southwest and could power into northern New Zealand around February the 20th.
The storm has caused devastation destroying all in its wake.
The storm is expected to weaken slightly as it heads in the direction of New Caledonia.
Cyclone Gita, which ravaged Tonga on Monday night, has now passed out to sea away from the Southern Lau islands of Fiji.




Deadly tropical Storm Sanba slammed the east coast of the Philippines quake alert for this volatile area

Four people were killed in the southern Philippines early Tuesday as a tropical storm unleashed heavy rain and triggered deadly landslides, police said.
Tropical Storm Sanba slammed the east coast of the main southern island of Mindanao Tuesday with gusts of 75 kilometres an hour.
The heavy rain triggered landslides that hit mountain villages outside the mining town of Carrascal -- 760 kilometres south of the capital Manila -- killing four people, municipal police chief James Alendogao told AFP.
"These areas are currently inaccessible and we do not know the extent of the damage," he added.
The state weather service said the storm was expected to move swiftly northwest over the next 24 hours, bringing moderate to heavy rain across the central Philippines.




"The worst situation I've ever been in " Cyclone Gita unleashed chaos on Tonga: Category 4 cyclone unleashed winds of more than 200km per hour
A Wallabies star has expressed his devastation after his family home was destroyed when Cyclone Gita unleashed chaos on Tonga, also flattening the island nation's Parliament.
"Our house is gone".
With those emotional words, Wallabies prop Taniela Tupou began his prayers for his large family in Tonga caught in the destructive path of Cyclone Gita.
The Category 4 cyclone unleashed winds of more than 200km per hour across the Pacific island where the government declared a State of Emergency on Monday.
The powerful cyclone tore roofs off buildings, downed powerlines and caused extensive flooding as it lashed Tonga early Tuesday morning.
It destroyed homes and churches and caused widespread power outages after it tore through the island nation just south of the capital, Nuku'alofa.




Double trouble! Cyclone Gita and tropical depression TD08F smashing into South Pacific Islands Samoa and Fiji causing devastation
A forty-eight-hour state of emergency has been declared in Samoa as the worst of tropical Cyclone Gita passes.
Although there have been no reports of casualties, the damage is extensive.
Flood waters rushed through the homes and streets of Samoa and gusts nearing 100 kilometres floored roofs, trees, and power lines.
The category two cyclone is expected to pass Niue and will make its way south of Tonga on Monday. Cyclone Gita was high on the agenda during Deputy PM Winston Peters and Australian Minister of Foreign Affairs talks in Auckland today.


Remnants of Tropical Cyclone Fehi batter New Zealand with 160 kmh winds turning wheelie bins into "missiles" with King tides causing flooding
What remained of Tropical Cyclone Fehi moved over New Zealand Thursday causing flooding and wind damage across the country.
Winds of 100mph, 160 kmh hammered New Zealand's North and South Islands last night.
The winds caused severe damage to buildings, toppling trees, cancelling flights, turning wheelie bins into "missiles" and whipping up waves that have flooded highways and eaten away sea walls. Metservice was forecasting gales across the region on Thursday as much of the country is hit by the remnants of Tropical Cyclone Fehi. A wind gust of 142kmh was recorded at Mt Kaukau in Wellington about midday.


Thousands of islanders have scrambled to shelters as authorities declared a class III alert for the category three storm which is due to "pass very close to" the Indian Ocean nation last night.
A tropical cyclone is bearing down on Mauritius and Reunion bringing 75mph winds forcing authorities to close its port and airport.








It promised to be big and it didn't disappoint: 2017 Atlantic hurricane season was a hyperactive deadly destructive record-breaking year.
This map shows the tracks of all tropical cyclones in the 2017 Atlantic hurricane season. Credit NASA 2017 Atlantic hurricane season
It promised to be a big season and it didn't disappoint, the 2017 Atlantic hurricane was a hyperactive deadly and destructive season.
2017 produced 17 named storms equaling 1936 as the 5th most active season ever.
According to Wikipedia, 2017 produced the highest number of major hurricanes since the crazy year of 2005.

More than 1 million evacuated from southern Vietnam as Typhoon Tembin has strengthened and is expected to make landfall today
Typhoon Tembin has strengthened and is expected to make landfall today along the coast of Southern Vietnam after killing 200 people with as many missing and leaving 70,000 homeless.
The storm which is now packing winds gusts of up to 115 km/h is travelling west at a speed of 22 km/h.







200 dead around 200 missing 70,000 homeless in the Philippines from tropical storm Tembin 37 more dead in a separate fire incident
Rescuers in the Philippines are searching for around 200 people after another 200 have died with thousand 70,000 homeless due to floods and landslides wreaked by tropical storm Tembin on the southern island of Mindanao from late on Friday.
The disaster comes just days after tropical storm Kai-Tak killed a further 54.





Just 7 days after tropical storm Kai-Tak killed 54 Tropical Storm Tembin kills another 90 with many missing in the storm battered Philippines
It's just a week since tropical storm Kai-Tak caused devastation in the Philippines killing 54 people, a further 90 have died with many more missing from another severe, "Tropical Storm Tembin."
The latest tropical storm has triggered mudslides and flooding according to officials.
Reports claiming a whole village has been buried by a mudslide cannot be confirmed because power and communication lines to the area had been cut, complicating rescue efforts.



Tropical storm Tembin to batter Philippines days after tropical storm Kai-Tek affected 200,000 people: Active Kanlaon Volcano and quake watch!
A passenger ferry with 251 people on board has sunk in choppy waters off the Philippines' eastern coast, causing an undetermined number of casualties.
At least 100 people have been rescued after the accident near the village of Dinahican in Quezon province, 74 kilometres east of Manila.
Many are thought to be missing.




U.S. territory Puerto Rico official death toll of 64 after Hurricane Maria is probably more than a 1,000 media claim
Photo Wikipedia
As Puerto Rico struggles to rebuild after being battered by Hurricane Maria, the strongest to hit the island in almost a hundred years. Puerto Rico's governor has ordered a review of deaths after the massive hurricane struck in September following media reports that the death toll was far higher than the official count.





The hurricane season that wouldn’t quit: 2017 the fifth most active season ever and one of the longest beginning in April! The shape of things to come?
It's just over a week since the end of a remarkable 2017 Atlantic hurricane season, which officially ended on November the 30th.
It was the hurricane season that wouldn’t quit, it was in the top ten's most active season in the historical record dating to 1851 and was the most active season since the crazy year of 2005.