Friday 9 April 2021

5 Cruise ships head to St. Vincent for evacuations as volcanic eruption seems imminent: Roughly 16,000 people live in the red zone and will need to be evacuated: Caveat! People have to be vaccinated if they go aboard a cruise ship or granted temporary refuge on other islands

Authorities in the eastern Caribbean island of St. Vincent have ordered mandatory evacuations on Thursday, saying they believe an active volcano is in danger of exploding. The island's emergency management office switched the alert level to red and said the first cruise line will in the next few hours evacuate those who live near La Soufrière volcano. It was not immediately clear how many people would be evacuated, where the ship would take them or if they would remain temporarily aboard. Roughly 16,000 people live in the red zone and will need to be evacuated, Erouscilla Joseph, director of the University of the West Indies Seismic Research Center, told The Associated Press.

Soufrière Hills in Montserrat, credit Wikipedia

Evacuation efforts could be hampered by the pandemic. Prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves told a news conference that people have to be vaccinated if they go aboard a cruise ship or are granted temporary refuge in other nearby islands. He said two Royal Caribbean cruise ships are expected to arrive by Friday and a third one in the coming days, as well as two Carnival cruise ships by Friday. Islands that have said they would accept evacuees include St. Lucia, Grenada, Barbados and Antigua."Not everything is going to go perfect, but if we all co-operate ... we will come through this stronger than ever," Gonsalves said. He said he was talking to other Caribbean governments to accept people's ID cards if they don't have a passport.

"This is an emergency situation, and everybody understands that," he said. Gonsalves added that he highly recommends those who opt to go to a shelter in St. Vincent and the Grenadines, an island chain of more than 100,000 people, be vaccinated. Joseph said emergency management teams have been going out to communities in the red zone and providing transportation to safer locations, including prearranged shelters." They know who doesn't have transportation because all of this has been canvassed before," she said, adding that those who board the cruise ship would not be taken elsewhere but would remain there for an unspecified period of time. Officials said the dome of the volcano located on the island's northern region could be seen glowing by nightfall.

The alert issued Thursday evening follows days of seismic activity around La Soufrière. Gonsalves urged people to remain calm and orderly." I don't want you panicked," he said. "That is the worst thing to do."Scientists alerted the government about a possible eruption after noting a specific type of seismic activity at 3 a.m. local time on Thursday that indicated "magma was on the move close to the surface," Joseph said."Things are escalating pretty quickly," she said of the volcanic activity, adding that it was impossible to provide an exact forecast of what might happen in the next few hours or days.

A team from the seismic centre arrived in St. Vincent in late December after the volcano had an effusive eruption. They have been analyzing the formation of a new volcanic dome, changes to its crater lake, seismic activity and gas emissions, among other things. The volcano last erupted in 1979, and a previous eruption in 1902 killed some 1,600 people. The eastern Caribbean is home to other active volcanoes. Seventeen of the region's 19 live volcanoes are located on 11 islands, with the remaining two underwater near the island of Grenada, including one called Kick 'Em Jenny that has been active in recent years. The region's most active volcano in recent years has been Soufrière Hills in Montserrat, which has erupted continuously since 1995, destroying the capital of Plymouth and killing at least 19 people in 1997.

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