Friday, 1 July 2016

"This is our Deep Water Horizon!" Florida's Atlantic coast a state of emergency as massive algae blooms attack North American waters


Photo www.regions.noaa.gov

  • Toxic algae blooms are becoming bigger, longer lasting and increasingly more toxic along the North American coast and inland waters

A smelly, "guacamole-thick" muck is fouling a stretch of beaches promoted as Florida's "Treasure Coast," where lawmakers and residents blame the federal government, saying the algae crisis is fueled by freshwater flows controlled by Army officials to protect an erosion-prone dike.
The blue-green algae is the latest contaminant featured in yearslong arguments over water flowing from Lake Okeechobee, which is critical to South Florida's water supply and flood control systems. Florida Governor Rick Scott declared a state of emergency Thursday as blooms of toxic algae plagues beaches along the state's Atlantic coast.

"This is our Deep Water Horizon.
It's time the federal and state government understand how God-awful the problem is here," said Martin County Commissioner Doug Smith, referencing the 2010 oil spill that devastated wildlife along the Gulf of Mexico.
When the algae blooms die, they release toxins that cause rashes and could endanger wildlife.
The foul-smelling problem - which has closed beaches along the Treasure Coast - stems in part from stopgap measures put in place by the feds.
To preserve the ageing earthen dike surrounding Lake Okeechobee, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers routinely releases water to the Caloosahatchee and St. Lucie Rivers.
After floods devastated the area around the lake in the wake of a massive 1928 hurricane that killed 2,500 people, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers began regulating lake water levels to minimise the risk of a dike breach.
Now, local officials are citing the lake discharges as the cause of the spreading blooms - although the South Florida Water Management District said that septic tanks and storm water runoff can also play a role
This season's high temperatures and heavy rainfall have only exacerbated the problem.
The problem is not just in Florida but this year is effecting the whole country, below is a list of some of the problem area's...

  • Northern California's Lake Temescal will be closed to swimmers for the third year in a row because of toxic green-blue algae.
  • Toxic algae blooms are common in warm weather, but the park district says the drought is likely making things worse at the Oakland lake.
  • Mass die off of salmon in fish farms, due to ‘toxic algae’ in British Columbia, Canada.
  • Toxic algae has been found at three points in the St. Lucie River. 
  • Algae with toxins well above the level considered hazardous was found Wednesday at Dyer Point in Palm City and off Southeast Harbor Point Drive in Stuart. 
  • A type of toxic algae is killing off farmed salmon in a section of Clayoquot Sound on the west coast of Vancouver Island.
  • The algae is hitting the west coast of Florida too...
  • Besides killing fish, red tide can cause respiratory irritation in humans and other mammals. Red tide, caused by Karenia brevis, crept its way to Lee County after festering off Sarasota County for several weeks."Some (fish) have been missing their eyes for a while, but you can smell the red tide and cell counts are elevated," said Rick Bartleson, a water quality scientist at the Sanibel-Captiva Conservation Foundation.
  • High levels of toxic blue-green algae have been detected in three bodies of water around the state, according to the Kansas Department of Health and Environment. 
  • The state has issued a health alert for toxic blue-green algae at Pawnee Lake in Lancaster County. This is the first health alert issued in the 2016 recreational season. Weekly sampling has been conducted at 50 public lakes in Nebraska since the beginning of May.
  • Excess nitrogen from wastewater, stormwater runoff, and fertilizers spurs growth of toxic algae blooms in Long Island Sound that suck oxygen from the water and can close shellfish beds and fish die-offs. Meanwhile as the problem  explodes the CDC have launched a "Harmful Algal Blooms" website and reporting system.
  • The list is endless
CDC Launches a New Website on Harmful Algal Blooms and a New Reporting System to Monitor Associated Illnesses

Have you ever been by a lake and noticed mats of green scum on its surface? Wondered if you should let your dog drink out of that foamy water in a lake? Found yourself coughing at a beach that was experiencing a “Red Tide”? You’re not alone. Many of us have had our plans affected by algal blooms – the overgrowth of algaeand cyanobacteria – on rivers, lakes, and oceans. Some blooms – harmful algalblooms or HABs -- produce toxins that can cause illness in animals and humans, contaminate our drinking water or seafood, or damage the local environment.
HABs are an emerging public health issue. In recent years, toxin-producing HABs have caused the shutdown of the water supply of a major US city, resulted in massive fish die offs, and sickened hundreds of people and animals with a variety of skin, breathing, stomach, and intestinal symptoms. Because animals are more likely to swim or drink from water that may contain a HAB, they are often the first affected when a HAB occurs. Therefore, it is very important to know what the possible health effects are before you swim, fish, or let your pets drink or play in suspicious-looking water.
To help partners and the general public learn more about HABs, CDC launched a new website. The website contains:


Home Page

Related

Mass Animal Deaths

Tonnes of dead fish wash ashore in Pedda Cheruvu India

Deadly Drought: Fish and alligators dying as severe drought hits Pilcomayo river in Paraguay.

45,000 cattle have died this year due to drought in Tabasco, Mexico

60 tons of fish are dead in the Loire river after bad weather hits France

Deadly radioactive materials were found on British celebrity beach.