Millions of tons of toxic particulates thrown into the atmosphere during the last 60 years
As 2020 disappears into the sunset, it closes the warmest decade (2011-2020) on record, according to the World Meteorological Organization. 2020 remains on track to be one of the three warmest on record, and may even rival 2016 as the warmest on record. The six warmest years have all been since 2015 and that is a fact even the most robust sceptic cannot ignore.When a SpaceX Falcon Heavy rocket blasts off on a plume of white smoke, hot gases shooting out of its 27 engines, creating a thrust equal to 18 Boeing 747 aircraft. Upon reaching orbit, the world’s heaviest operational rocket will have burned about 400 metric tons of kerosene and emitted more carbon dioxide in a few minutes than an average car would in more than two centuries. That kind of a shock to the atmosphere is stoking concerns about the effect that launching into orbit has on Earth, and it’s about to get worse. Fueled by surging data transmissions and the race for commercial space flights between Elon Musk’s Space Exploration Technologies Corp., Jeff Bezos’ Blue Origin and Richard Branson’s Virgin Galactic Holdings Inc., the number of launches — including giants such as the Falcon Heavy and new mini-rockets — is expected to increase tenfold in the coming years. LA Times
The Space Shuttle made 135 space flights during its 30-year career, which is more than 41,000 tons of aluminian oxide 3, 510 tons of chlorine gas, 945 tons of nitrogen dioxide gas and 32,400 tons of HCI gas thrown into our atmosphere and that is just the Space Shuttle, throw in Gemini, Apollo and Saturn missions etc, the Russian Space exploration, India and China, the thousands of satellites launched into space, thousands of sounding rockets, (NASA's airborne researchers) add to this more than 2,000 nuclear weapons tests and you begin to imagine the damage mankind has done to our atmosphere, the ionosphere and the ozone layer
The firing of rockets into space coincided with an event on our Sun which left the science community at the time very worried. The USSR launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite in space in October 1957, followed by Explorer 1, the first satellite launched by the United States. A month earlier, something happened on the 24th and 25th of December 1957 which defies logic, defies physics, our sun went ballistic. As if she "screamed in horror" as to the event taking place in space. The story begins with a report from SAO/NASA data system (ADS). Thomas Cragg wrote:
During 1957, observations of the Sun were made at Mount Wilson Observatory in Washington on 310 days of that year. Not since 1941 have solar observations been possible on as few days in one year as in 1957.
The total number of sunspot groups observed at Mount Wilson in 1957 was 855, the largest number ever observed in one year. The previous record was 633 in 1947.
SAO/NASA data system (ADS) claimed, "without question, we are witnessing the greatest sunspot activity ever recorded." SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)The period described above was solar cycle 19, the nineteenth solar cycle since 1755 when extensive recording of solar sunspot activity began. Solar cycle 19 lasted 10.5 years, beginning in April 1954 and ending in October 1964. The number of sunspots witnessed on the Sun during Christmas Eve and Christmas Day 1957 (503), alarmed scientists so much at the time, that an International Geophysical Year was declared at the peak of this solar cycle to bring the Russian and US scientists onto the same page after the cold-war silence. Curiously, President Eisenhower went on to authorise the opening of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in July 1958. The Space Race Began.
The ionosphere, Van Allen belts, and upper atmospheric winds are invisible. Solution: Dump chemicals in space and suddenly the invisible can be studied: visibly with telescopes, optically with lasers, and electromagnetically heated with high-powered microwaves (ionospheric heaters) to modify space weather. Aluminium (TMA), Barium, Strontium, Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6), and Lithium have been dumped in space to study and modify space weather for over sixty years and nobody knew. Harry Wexler warned in 1962 that rockets are burning holes in the ionosphere, destroying the ozone layer, and modifying weather on a global scale. The year following his death W. W. Kellogg from the RAND Corporation suggested expanding the use of sounding rockets to do just that: modify global weather. Wexler’s prescient work between 1958 and 1962 “On the Possibilities of Climate Control” reminds us that we are not the first generation to be involved with or concerned about geoengineering.
“The subject of weather and climate control is now becoming respectable to talk about.” So began Harry Wexler in his speech “On the Possibilities of Climate Control,” given in early 1962 to technical audiences in Boston, Hartford, and Los Angeles. Wexler, who studied meteorology at MIT and served as Chief of Scientific Services at the US Weather Bureau, supported his claim by citing, among others, President John F. Kennedy’s recent speech at the United Nations proposing, “cooperative efforts between all nations in weather prediction and eventually in weather control” and the State Department’s urging of “early and comprehensive study in the light of developments in outer space of the possibility of large-scale weather modification.”
Wexler assured his audiences that he was concerned not with the long and the checkered history of cloud modification leading to more-or-less localized precipitation influences, but with planetary-scale manipulation of the Earth’s shortwave and longwave radiation budget that would result in “rather large-scale effects on the general circulation patterns in short or longer periods, even approaching that of climatic change.”
These effects, details later, included increasing world temperature by several degrees by 2 detonating up to ten H-bombs in the Arctic Ocean; decreasing world temperature by launching powder into an equatorial orbit to shade the Earth and make it look somewhat like Saturn and its rings; and notably, destroying all stratospheric ozone above the Arctic circle using a relatively small amount of a catalytic agent such as chlorine or bromine. Wexler was interested in both inadvertent climate modification, such as might be created by rocket exhaust gases or other pollution, and purposeful effects, whether peaceful or hostile. So remember it was Wexler, about 50 years ago, who first claimed climate control was “respectable.” Wexler died suddenly in 1962. Harry Wexler on Geoengineering and Ozone Destruction