Marching On Together

I have had a romance with a lady since my childhood just like thousands of other people around the world who are also in love with her. I have remained in love with her through the many bad times and the few good times, my love for her has never faltered and never will.
My lady's name is Leeds United and she is just five games away from returning to the English Football Premiership, after sixteen years in football wilderness.
In the sixties, seventies and early nineties my lady was known as "Super Leeds," however in 2003 my love was relegated from the English Football Premiership due financial miss-handling by her owners. "Super Leeds," dropped down to the third tier of English football.
If Leeds United can grab ten points from their last five games my lady will be back where she belongs in the higher etchelons of English football and I can once more embrace my love with happiness.
If you are wondering why my blog has changed colours it is in support of my wonderful lady during her next five games. (MOT)

Saturday, 3 December 2016

Cerro Hudson volcano Chile, capable of a VEI 5 event which produced one of the largest eruptions in the of the 20th century has alert status raised.

Photo Earth of fire

Last night, the ONEMI (Oficina Nacional de Emergencias) and SERNGEOMIN (Chilean Geological Survey) in Chile raised the alert status for the area around Cerro Hudson in the southern Andes. Normally, raising the alert status like this is due to an acute change, when the behavior of the volcano shifts suddenly.
However, this time, the elevation to Yellow alert status at Cerro Hudson is due to accumulated events over the past month.
Dozens of small earthquakes have occurred since the start of November, none stronger than M3.2. But their location (in geographic space and depth) are similar to those before the last eruption of Hudson in 2011.
The number of earthquakes hasn't increased much above the baseline activity at an active volcano like Hudson, but energy released by the largest earthquakes has been increasing over the past few months.
Combine that with the fact that the earthquakes have the character of those associated with magma movement, and the SERNAGEOMIN and ONEMI decided to treat Hudson with an abundance of caution, setting up a 3.5 kilometer exclusion zone around the volcano.
Hudson is a fairly unknown volcano to most people, but it did produce one of the largest eruptions in the latter half of the 20th century.
The 1991 eruption was a VEI 5 event, which is on the same scale as Mount St. Helens in 1980 (and a bit smaller than the much more famous eruption of Pinatubo that had happened earlier that year). Even the 2011 eruption, which was VEI 2, opened three new vents on the volcano and covered the ice-filled summit caldera with dark grey ash.
So, any unrest like this at Hudson bears close watching.


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