The USGS said the explosion caused enough force to register as a magnitude-2.0 earthquake.
Video posted on social media Tuesday night shows drivers witnessing a flying rock that emitted a bright light in the night sky before disintegrating.
Some videos showed it appearing to head straight toward some vehicles driving on a freeway before it disappeared.
Detroit NBC affiliate WDIV reported receiving "hundreds of calls" from viewers around 8:15 p.m. local time to report the phenomenon.
The meteor was seen across the region in places such as Ohio, Michigan and Ontario at about 8 p.m. local time and registered a 2.0 magnitude tremor about 4 miles (7 km) east of Saint Clair Shores in Eastern Michigan, the United States Geological Survey said on its website. The National Weather Service (NWS) confirmed it was not a meteorological event but more likely a meteor.